Joel Schlessinger MD discusses Botox for hairstyles

From correcting wrinkles to easing migraines, Botox has a wide range of applications that continue to evolve with changing trends. Most recently, Botox has been used to rectify excessive sweating in patients who suffer from hyperhidrosis, a condition that involves overactive sweat glands. Now, the process is being used to combat scalp sweat, keeping hair cleaner and more voluminous as a result. In this blog entry, Dr. Joel Schlessinger responds to an article from Medical Daily called, “Women Are Getting Botox Injections for Their Scalps to Keep Hairstyles Intact.”

Dr. Joel Schlessinger explains Botox.

Botulinum toxin type A, or Botox, is a neurotoxic protein used for a variety of medical and cosmetic procedures. It is typically injected in small amounts over a set period of time. Botox is most commonly used to correct wrinkles by limiting the ability of nerves to make muscles contract, essentially relaxing muscles to keep skin looking firm and youthful. Botox injections are also capable of decreasing nerve stimulation of sweat glands. This process is often used for underarms, hands and feet to reduce the activity of sweat glands in those areas. Now, the process is also being used to combat scalp sweat.
Botox injections to the scalp decrease the amount of sweat produced by sweat glands in the scalp. This keeps hair cleaner and helps maintain style and volume long after you’ve left the salon. Botox injections in the scalp are similar to injections in the face but affect a greater surface area. Typically, a dermatologist will inject around 20 units of Botox to the face. For the scalp, about 100 units of Botox are injected to cover the entire surface area.

Botox for the scalp has potential, says Dr. Joel Schlessinger.

The FDA has yet to approve Botox injections for the scalp. As a result, the procedure is not being widely performed by dermatologists, but Dr. Joel Schlessinger says that Botox injections for the scalp have potential. “While this sounds intriguing, I still have yet to do it,” explains Dr. Schlessinger. “I do think it would work well and lengthen the time between styling of hair. Clearly, there is work to be done before this is ready for prime time but it could be something that is common in 10 years so I wouldn’t dismiss the possibility!”

Ask a dermatologist, like Dr. Joel Schlessinger, about Botox injections to the scalp.

As with any medical procedure, Botox injections to the scalp come with certain risks. Typical side effects of injection, such as swelling, pain and bruising, are possible. If you are interested in exploring Botox injections for your scalp, it is important that you choose a board-certified dermatologist and cosmetic surgeon who has the skills and expertise to provide the best treatment for your needs.

No Comments | Category: Cosmetic Surgery, Injections and Fillers

Can pores shrink? Dr. Joel Schlessinger puts an end to this skin care myth.
One skin care myth that never seems to lose any steam is the idea that you can shrink your pores with a splash of cold water or an egg white mask. This is completely false. In this blog post, Dr. Joel Schlessinger explains why it’s impossible to shrink your pores and what you can do to help them appear smaller.

Pore size is largely determined by genetics, Dr. Joel Schlessinger explains.

Although you may not like the way they look, pores actually serve a pretty important purpose for your skin. Each pore is home to a sebaceous gland, which produces the oil that maintains your skin’s natural moisture levels.

The size of a person’s pores is mainly determined by skin type and genetics. Men naturally have larger pores than women. If you have dry skin, you might not see your pores upon first glance. Oily skin types, however, have pores that are more noticeable. Additionally, those with fair skin often have pores that appear smaller while darker skin tones have pores that look larger. Different areas of the face have larger pores, as well. You can probably tell that the pores on your nose are the largest, followed by your forehead, chin and, finally, cheeks.

Dr. Joel Schlessinger discusses other factors that affect pore size.

Pores can appear larger if skin is not cared for properly. Over time, they become clogged with debris, excess oil and impurities that can lead to breakouts. Sun exposure can also affect pore size as UV rays weaken the collagen and elastin that act as your skin’s structural support. Additionally, popping pimples can damage skin, permanently widening pores.

There are steps you can take to minimize the appearance of large pores, Dr. Joel Schlessinger says.

The contents of pores can be exfoliated and cleaned out, giving them a smaller appearance. Dr. Joel Schlessinger suggests washing your face with a cleansing brush like Clarisonic Mia2 Sonic Skin Cleansing System. Although it’s gentle on your skin, this cleansing brush is powerful enough to remove impurities, cleansing your skin six times better than with hands alone. After cleansing, apply an exfoliating gel like LovelySkin Exfoliating Gel Mild 11% to gently retexturize skin. Then finish with a mattifying moisturizer like LovelySkin LUXE Mattifying Antioxidant Moisturizer, which will minimize shine and leave skin feeling soft. You can also minimize the appearance of large pores with a professional peel or extraction procedure at the spa.

Do you have a question about pore size for Dr. Joel Schlessinger? Share with us in the comments.

 

No Comments | Category: Dermatology, Skin Care, Skin Care Myths

Joel Schlessinger MD discusses navigating the cosmeceutical market on DermTube Journal Club
From the publishers of Practical Dermatology, DermTube offers a wealth of educational videos developed specifically for dermatologists and other industry professionals. Joel Schlessinger MD serves on the advisory board for DermTube and frequently contributes his expert knowledge through videos and other methods. In a recent video titled “Navigating the Cosmeceutical Market,” Joel Schlessinger MD talks to Nancy J. Samolitis MD about how cosmeceuticals are evolving and what effect this has on the skin care industry.

Dermatologists carefully consider products before recommending them to patients, explains Joel Schlessinger MD.

Ever since cosmeceuticals hit the market, many dermatologists have incorporated these products into their practices. Joel Schlessinger MD says that the only way for doctors to know which products are the best for their patients is to try each and every one.

“There are a huge variety of products out there and the benefit that we have as dermatologists is that we don’t just evaluate them based on the color of the tube or whether the product smells good, but we’re going to evaluate them based on their merits,” he says.

Dermatologists evaluate each product by looking at several factors including ingredients, clinical data, safety and affordability. This means that patients can feel good about using products recommended by their dermatologist.

“I think that there are a lot of things that we look at as dermatologists and we scrutinize with a much different eye than the average consumer.”

Joel Schlessinger MD discusses the possibility of the FDA regulating cosmeceuticals.

Recently, there has been some talk of the FDA starting to regulate cosmeceuticals. Joel Schlessinger MD discussed how this could potentially change the cosmeceutical market.

“Based on the FDA’s willingness or unwillingness to introduce sunscreens, I’m a little concerned about . . . the FDA getting cosmeceuticals under their purview,” he says. “At the same time, I like the thought of having some science behind cosmeceuticals and having the ability for companies to have a different track for approval of cosmeceuticals.”

When recommending products to his patients, Joel Schlessinger MD always returns to a few favorites.

Joel Schlessinger MD has tried many products over the years and he always comes back to a couple tried and true formulas.

“When I look for a sunscreen, it’s almost always going to be EltaMD,” he says.

Two of his favorite products from this brand are EltaMD UV Clear Broad Spectrum SPF 46 Sunscreen – Untinted and EltaMD UV Clear Broad Spectrum SPF 46 Sunscreen – Tinted.

“Additionally, we love products in our practice that have unique things that they treat,” Joel Schlessinger MD continues. “My son and I actually came up with a product called FixMySkin with 1% hydrocortisone in it. This product is a little balm that we can put on and it helps patients that might have dry skin issues, eczema, psoriasis or facial dermatitis.”

Joel Schlessinger MD and Practical Dermatology have partnered up several times over the years.

Practical Dermatology has been a co-sponsor of Cosmetic Surgery Forum since its inception in 2009. Led by Joel Schlessinger MD, this multi-specialty educational symposium focuses on the latest research, treatment and techniques in dermatology and cosmetic surgery. Practical Dermatology has been a valuable partner to Cosmetic Surgery Forum over the last seven years. Recently, the publication has also made significant strides in developing creative outlets to bring relevant content to the field.

Do you have a question for Joel Schlessinger MD? Share with us in the comments.

No Comments | Category: Cosmetic Surgery, Dermatology, Dr. Joel Schlessinger, Skin Care Innovation

Joel Schlessinger MD explains misleading SPF labels
To prepare for days in the summer sun, sunscreen with the proper SPF is a must to protect against harmful UVB rays that increase the risk of skin cancer. Higher SPF numbers correlate with better UVB protection, but a recent study shows that the SPF labels do not always match the SPF protection provided by sunscreens. In this blog entry, Dr. Joel Schlessinger shares an article from CBS News called, “Some sunscreens don’t live up to their SPF claims” and explains the study and ways to protect your skin from harmful UV rays.

Dr. Joel Schlessinger explains the dangers of harmful UV rays.

SPF, or sun protection factor, measures a sunscreen’s ability to block dangerous UVB rays that cause sunburn. UVA rays, or rays that lead to wrinkled and aging skin, are not measured by SPF but can be just as damaging to skin. Both types of UV ray increase the risk of melanoma and other skin cancers, making sunscreen an important factor for healthy skin. Skin can be damaged by UV rays after just 10 minutes of intense sun exposure.

In a recent study conducted by Consumer Reports, 34 sunscreens were evaluated for their effectiveness in blocking UVB and UVA rays. To test UVB protection, different sunscreens were applied to patches of skin and exposed to six levels of UVB light. The effectiveness was evaluated by how red the skin appeared the next day. To test UVA protection, Consumer Reports applied each sunscreen to a plastic plate and shined a UV light through it to see how much light passed through each sunscreen. According to the study, 11 of the sunscreens tested were 16% to 70% less effective than advertised and did not provide the amount of SPF protection listed on their labels. Of the 34 sunscreens tested, only 15 performed well enough to earn Consumer Report’s recommendation.

“This is something that every dermatologist has known for years and has been extremely hard to convince our patients of until now,” says Dr. Joel Schlessinger. “It seems wrong that numbers lie but in the case of sunscreens they just do. That’s why I only trust EltaMD or CoTZ on my skin when I go out. They have different standards that are clearly better.”

What I’ve been telling my patients for years, says Dr. Joel Schlessinger.

Sunscreen is an important part of a daily skincare regimen, and there are several ways to ensure its effectiveness. Dr. Joel Schlessinger and other dermatologists have several recommendations for preventing sun damage to your skin:

  • Wear sunscreen with a minimum SPF 30 every day, but choose a higher SPF on days when you know you’ll be outdoors.
  • Reapply sunscreen every two hours.
  • Avoid being outside when the sun is at its peak, which is usually between 10 a.m. and 2 p.m.
  • Protect your skin with proper clothing including wide-brimmed hats and loose-fitting long sleeve shirts.
  • Choose a broad spectrum sunscreen such as EltaMD UV Clear SPF 46 Broad Spectrum Sunscreen to protect your skin against both UVB and UVA rays.
  • In addition to these sun protection measures, supplements such as Heliocare Sun Protection Pills provide added UV protection.

Do you have questions about sunscreen? Ask in the comments section below.

No Comments | Category: Skin Cancer, Sun Damage, Sun Protection, Sunscreen Tips

Dr. Joel Schlessinger discusses how to minimize under-eye puffiness.

Sagging, swelling or puffiness under the eyes—sometimes referred to as “bags”—is a common side effect of the natural aging process. As we grow older, tissues and muscles that support the upper eyelids can weaken, causing fat that is positioned around the eye to migrate to the lower eyelids and the area below the eye. Fluid can also accumulate beneath the eye, which contributes to under-eye circles and a puffy appearance.

Dr. Joel Schlessinger explains the causes of under-eye puffiness.

Under-eye puffiness often runs in families. Some individuals never experience bags and others experience bags prematurely. If your mother or grandmother have them, there’s a good chance that you will eventually have them too. In addition to genetics, there are several lifestyle habits that can worsen under-eye puffiness:

• A High-Sodium Diet: A diet that is high in sodium can cause fluid retention and a puffy appearance throughout the body, including the area around the eyes
• Alcohol: Alcohol can be dehydrating, pulling water from your skin and worsening the appearance of an aging eye
• Smoking: Smoking can dry out facial skin and cause collagen breakdown, resulting in a more wrinkled, sagging eye area
• Lack of Sleep: Lack of sleep can worsen fluid retention in the eye area, and discoloration can grow darker due to dilated blood vessels
• Hormone Levels: Fluctuating hormones can lead to fluid retention

Under-eye puffiness is primarily a cosmetic issue, but in certain circumstances, it may be indicative of allergies or other medical issues, particularly concerning the kidneys. See a doctor if the swelling is severe, accompanied by pain, redness and itching or if these symptoms have spread to other areas of the body.

A topical treatment can help combat the appearance of bags, says Dr. Joel Schlessinger.

There are many home remedies for under-eye puffiness that have been passed around for decades, such as placing tea bags, cucumbers or cold spoons over the eyes. These can temporarily reduce swelling, but they are not a viable long-term solution. Dr. Schlessinger recommends skipping out on these practices and applying a topical treatment instead. When used regularly and combined with a healthy lifestyle, these creams can help nourish the skin around the eyes and minimize puffiness.

LovelySkin LUXE Brightening Eye Cream, a brand-new product developed by Dr. Schlessinger, is a light-diffusing formula that helps to brighten dark circles and minimize under-eye puffiness. Hyaluronic acid helps to plump and hydrate skin, diminishing the appearance of fine lines, while Persian silk tree extract and horse chestnut extract help to address signs of fatigue.

Try Neocutis Lumiere Eye Cream (with PSP), a formula that helps to smooth the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles with growth factors. The cream also features hyaluronic acid to intensely hydrate the skin around the eyes and caffeine to help reduce under-eye circles and puffiness.

Dr. Schlessinger also recommends Obagi ELASTIderm Eye Cream. Perfect for normal to dry skin, this cream contains the gentle exfoliator, malonic acid, to help remove dulling debris and restore elasticity. It also helps to tighten sagging skin around the eyes and eliminate dark circles and puffiness for a more youthful appearance.

SkinCeuticals A.G.E. Eye Complex contains peptides, plus a blend of antioxidants, to help prevent collagen breakdown and loss of firmness. Exclusive anti-inflammatory ingredients help to combat dark circles and puffiness for a visibly improved appearance in as little as 12 weeks.

Ask a dermatologist, like Dr. Joel Schlessinger, about cosmetic procedures.

Cosmetic procedures are also available for under-eye bags, with fillers and laser treatments among the most common options. However, success can vary greatly by individual with these treatments, and they can carry added risk since the skin around the eye is thin and fragile. If you’re interested in exploring cosmetic surgery, it’s crucial to choose a board-certified dermatologist and cosmetic surgeon who has the skills and expertise to provide the best treatment for your needs.

Do you have a questions for Dr. Schlessinger? Let us know in the comments section.

No Comments | Category: Uncategorized

Dr. Joel Schlessinger discusses what causes birthmarks

Birthmarks are largely harmless skin irregularities that appear at birth or shortly thereafter. It is estimated that more than 80% of babies are born with some type of birthmark, and they can vary greatly in appearance. Certain moles may be classified as birthmarks, but most recognizable marks are light brown, pink or red with irregular borders. Remember Dr. Schlessinger’s post about The Grand Budapest Hotel for the 2015 Dermies? Agatha, a lead character in the film, has a port-wine stain birthmark on her cheek in the shape of Mexico!

Doctors aren’t sure why birthmarks occur, says Dr. Joel Schlessinger.

While real birthmarks don’t usually have a definitive shape like Agatha’s, our marks still often help emphasize individuality and they feature prominently in many cultures. From good luck symbols to evidence of a mother’s diet during pregnancy, people have speculated for centuries about their significance. None of these stories has proven to scientifically explain birthmarks.

Dermatologists aren’t quite sure why some people develop certain birthmarks and others do not, but genetics and skin tone appear to play a role in some cases. While the exact cause of most birthmarks remains largely mysterious, dermatologists can define the skin phenomena that give the various types of marks their appearance. There are several subcategories, but for the most part, birthmarks can be divided into two types: pigmented and vascular.

Dr. Joel Schlessinger explains pigmented and vascular birthmarks.

Pigmented birthmarks are characterized by areas that are a different color than the rest of the skin. They are typically light brown or tan, but they can also be black, blue or blue-gray. These marks are caused by clusters of pigment cells. When there is an abnormal level of melanin (the pigment responsible for skin color) per square millimeter of skin, a birthmark forms. Size and color depend on the amount of melanin and location of the mark. Types of pigmented birthmarks include moles, café-au lait spots and Mongolian spots.

Vascular birthmarks are red or pink in appearance. They are caused by an overgrowth of blood vessels from a deficiency in the nerve supply during fetal development. Clusters of these tiny blood vessels form in a concentrated area, giving the mark its pinkish or reddish look. Common vascular birthmarks include macular stains, port-wine stains and hemangiomas.

See a dermatologist, like Dr. Joel Schlessinger, for certain types of birthmarks.

Birthmarks may disappear over time or grow larger, depending on their type. Most won’t require medical attention, but it’s a good idea to keep an eye on moles. Moles that are present at birth are thought by some to pose a greater risk of becoming cancerous later in life. If the spot changes shape, color or size, seek a physician’s care. In infants, certain hemangiomas in areas such as the chest may also require treatment since they can grow deep into skin tissue and affect organ functioning. If your baby’s hemangioma begins to bleed or form a sore, contact your dermatologist.

For more information on common types of birthmarks, see Dr. Schlessinger’s post and video.

Do you have a question for Dr. Schlessinger about birthmarks? Let us know in the comments section.

No Comments | Category: Uncategorized

Joel Schlessinger MD explains what causes collagen to break down
Collagen is a structural protein that gives skin its strength and durability. Think of collagen as the structural wall that supports skin. Healthy collagen levels give skin a plump and smooth appearance. But as we age, collagen production slows and healthy collagen begins to break down. When collagen breaks down, skin loses its firmness and fine lines and wrinkles begin to form.

Environmental factors like sun exposure and pollution have an effect on collagen, Joel Schlessinger MD says.

Collagen breakdown is an unavoidable part of aging. Around 35, we start producing less collagen and skin begins to lose elasticity. But there are also environmental factors that contribute to collagen breakdown, including the sun and pollution.

We’ve all heard that sun exposure contributes to signs of aging. While UVB rays burn skin, UVA rays penetrate deeper, breaking down collagen and elastin. Sun exposure also stimulates the production of melanocytes, the cells that are responsible for pigment formation. So even when the sun doesn’t burn your skin, it’s still contributing to the formation of fine lines, wrinkles and dark spots.

Pollution and oxidative stress penetrate into the deep layers of the dermis, causing inflammation, dehydration and loss of firmness. When these tiny particles of smoke, soot and other pollutants come in contact with your skin, they begin creating free radicals, which are highly unstable molecules that break down collagen and impair the skin’s barrier functions.

Bad habits like smoking and poor diet also contribute to collagen loss, explains Joel Schlessinger MD.

A poor diet, specifically one that is high in sugar, can damage your skin from the inside out. Sugar molecules attach to collagen and elastin proteins in the skin through a process called glycation. This process produces advanced glycosylation end products, or AGEs for short. AGEs are free radicals that lead to inflammation, breaking down collagen and elastin in the skin.

In addition to being harmful to your overall health, smoking has a negative impact on your appearance. This bad habit leads to premature signs of aging, deep wrinkles, bags under the eyes and dull skin. Cigarettes starve your skin of oxygen and constrict blood flow, which affects circulation and breaks down collagen and elastin. Additionally, smoking depletes your body of vitamin C, a necessary nutrient for collagen production. Because smoke is a form of pollution, you’re also coming in contact with those harmful free radicals.

Joel Schlessinger MD shares how you can help prevent collagen loss.

In addition to kicking bad habits, there are changes you can make to your skin care routine that will help you maintain healthy, youthful skin. Joel Schlessinger MD recommends adding growth factor products to your daily routine. These powerful ingredients work to boost collagen production and rejuvenate aging skin.

Alphaeon Beauty Epidermal Growth Serum pairs growth factors with hyaluronic acid, peptides and antioxidants to help diminish the signs of aging and revitalize skin. In clinical studies, more than 80 percent of patients experienced an overall reduction in the appearance of wrinkles with this serum.

Formulated with growth factors, polypeptides, vitamins, minerals and amino acids, NuGene NuCell Universal Serum encourages collagen and elastin production, helping skin repair and prevent environmental damage. With continued use, you’ll see a visible improvement in the appearance of wrinkles, fine lines, dark spots and rough skin texture.

SkinMedica TNS Essential Serum contains growth factors, hyaluronic acid, antioxidants and peptides to hydrate, firm and rejuvenate mature skin. This best-selling serum minimizes the appearance of fine lines, wrinkles and uneven skin tone. With continued use, you’ll see results after just one month with best results appearing in three months.

To target loss of collagen around the delicate eye area, apply Neocutis Lumiere Eye Cream (with PSP). This eye cream contains a proprietary blend of growth factors, cytokines and interleukins that help smooth wrinkles and revitalize skin. This hydrating eye cream also minimizes puffiness and dark under-eye circles for a more youthful appearance.

Do you have a question about collagen for Joel Schlessinger MD? Share with us in the comments.

 

No Comments | Category: Aging Skin Care

Dr. Joel Schlessinger is excited to offer the NuGene product line at LovelySkin.com

As a board-certified dermatologist and cosmetic surgeon, Dr. Joel Schlessinger is always looking for the latest innovations in skin care. He personally searches for and selects the best skin care products to offer on LovelySkin.com. In fact, these are the very same formulas he recommends to the patients in his clinic. The latest addition to LovelySkin is NuGene, a line of clinically proven anti-aging products that uses stem cell technology to create a more youthful appearance.

Dr. Joel Schlessinger is excited to add NuGene products to the LovelySkin lineup. NuGene offers skin and hair care products powered by adipose-derived human stem cells, or stem cells derived from fat, to provide visible anti-aging results.

“I am delighted to carry NuGene as I have followed their products intently for some time now,” Dr. Joel Schlessinger says.

NuGene products use growth factors to stimulate collagen production, Dr. Joel Schlessinger explains.

Powered by these unique stem cells, NuGene products help stimulate collagen to diminish the appearance of fine lines, wrinkles and other signs of aging.

“The concept of adipose stem cells leading to regeneration of collagen and other fibroblasts has intrigued me for years,” Dr. Joel Schlessinger says. “NuGene’s formulation eliminates much of the risk found in other growth factor products while leading to a renewal of our skin’s natural innate resources. Use of these products is a simple way to rejuvenate our skin in combination with other actives such as antioxidants. Moreover, the team at NuGene is phenomenal. I am truly honored to be a part of their family.”

NuGene hopes to reach a wider audience with Dr. Joel Schlessinger’s help.

With its addition to LovelySkin, NuGene’s line of anti-aging and hair care products will now be available to hundreds of thousands of customers across the world.

“We are excited to have our NuGene Skincare products available at LovelySkin.com, one of the nation’s leading skin care destinations,” says Kathy Ireland, Chair, CEO and Chief Designer for Kathy Ireland Worldwide. “We believe our NuGene products are revolutionary as NuGene is unlike anything else on the market today. Aging, sun damage, lines and wrinkles are beautifully addressed by our collection. We thank LovelySkin.com for joining us in offering the greatest innovation in skin care to you.”

The NuGene team is also excited to see how a partnership with LovelySkin will help them grow as a company.

“We are honored and excited by Dr. Schlessinger’s selection of our product line,” says Fady Elias M.D., NuGene’s Director of Professional Business Development. “His endorsement of our products further advances our emerging leadership in this growing industry.”

Do you have a question about NuGene for Dr. Joel Schlessinger? Share with us in the comments.

No Comments | Category: LovelySkin.com, Skin Care, Skin Care Innovation

Dr. Joel Schlessinger explains the difference between a freckle and a mole

Freckles and moles can be difficult to distinguish but it is important to understand the difference between them because they may be a sign of serious skin issues. Dr. Joel Schlessinger is here to explain the difference between these two common skin issues.

Moles, also known as nevi, explains Dr. Joel Schlessinger, are skin growths.

Moles can appear anywhere on the skin and are raised marks that are usually dark brown or black. Moles that are present at birth are known as congenital nevi. Other moles appear later in life and are often the result of sun exposure. While many moles are harmless, it is important to get them checked because they may be signs of skin cancer.

When examining moles for signs of skin cancer, look for the ABCDEs which stands for asymmetry, border, color, diameter and evolving. You should beware of moles that have an asymmetrical shape, blurred or irregular borders, an uneven color, a diameter larger than the size of a pencil eraser and moles that evolve or change over time. A dermatologist will be able to determine whether or not the mole needs to be removed.

The only way to remove moles is through a procedure performed by a dermatologist. Depending on the method of removal, the size and location of the mole, you may be left with a small mark or scar after a mole has been removed. To reduce the appearance of scarring, you can apply a product such as SkinMedica Scar Recovery Gel for several days after the procedure.

Freckles are patches of discoloration that appear with sun exposure, says Dr. Joel Schlessinger.

Freckles are small, light brown spots or patches that often appear on the face, arms, back and chest. They are not raised and are more common in individuals with light skin or hair. Freckles are the result of excess melanin and often become more prominent with sun exposure. Unlike moles, freckles do not usually indicate a serious skin issue. It is often impossible to tell the difference between a freckle that is ‘good’ and one that is ‘bad’ and if there is any question (and even if there isn’t!) you should probably see a dermatologist.

While there is no way to remove freckles, you can reduce their appearance by wearing sun protection daily. EltaMD UV Daily Broad-Spectrum SPF 40 protects against UV rays and comes in tinted or untinted formulas. Reapplying sunscreen throughout the day, seeking out shade and avoiding the sun when it is at its strongest will help prevent freckles from becoming more prominent.

Do you have any questions for Dr. Joel Schlessinger? Ask below in the comments section.

No Comments | Category: Skin Care

Joel Schlessinger MD explains what happens to your skin when you get a sunburn
Prolonged sun exposure is hard on skin. Even one sunburn leaves painful, lasting damage. Additionally, a person’s risk for melanoma doubles after receiving five or more sunburns, according to The Skin Cancer Foundation. But what actually happens to your skin when it burns? In this blog, Joel Schlessinger MD shares what gives skin that painful red appearance.

Sunburn is the skin’s response to UV exposure, Joel Schlessinger MD explains.

It doesn’t take long for skin to burn. After just 10 minutes of intense sun exposure, the skin starts to defend itself against UV damage. A sunburn’s characteristic redness is the body’s inflammatory response to signal that there are skin cells that need to be repaired. The body also starts sending blood to the exposed area to assist in the healing process, making skin warm to the touch long after sun exposure.

Severe sunburn can lead to blisters and peeling skin. Blisters are the body’s way of protecting areas with tissue damage. Peeling skin is the body’s attempt at ridding itself of damaged cells that could become cancerous.

Under less intense sun exposure, skin responds by producing melanin to try to protect cells from DNA damage. This melanin gives skin the appearance of a tan. Although skin isn’t turning red, any change in skin color is a sign of damage.

Joel Schlessinger MD shares tips on how to care for sunburned skin.

Although it’s best to avoid a sunburn altogether with regular sunscreen application, there are things you can do to help the healing process.

If you feel your skin start to tingle or see signs of redness, get out of the sun and take Advil immediately. Advil acts as an anti-inflammatory that helps minimize the severity of a sunburn. It won’t completely prevent a burn, but it can stop skin from blistering before it starts. Then, soothe skin with a cool shower and apply LovelySkin Aloe Vera Soothing Skin Relief Gel to help calm and heal sunburned areas. You can relieve discomfort by applying FixMySkin Healing Body Balm with 1% Hydrocortisone to affected areas up to three times a day. This balm contains hydrocortisone to soothe irritation and hydrating shea butter and cocoa butter to prevent peeling and flaking skin. If you think you’ve had too much sun exposure, taking Heliocare Sun Protection Pills can also help minimize a burn.

Do you have a question about sunburns for Joel Schlessinger MD? Share with us in the comments.

No Comments | Category: Sun Damage, Sun Protection, Sunscreen Tips